The Bear Head LNG site at Point Tupper, Nova Scotia, was fully permitted by Canadian federal, provincial, and local agencies in 2004. This included a comprehensive environmental assessment and mitigation measures.
In 2014, Bear Head LNG Corp. began the process of modifying and updating these approvals to reflect the decision to develop the facility as a liquefaction and export facility rather than as an import terminal. At the same time applications were filed with the Canada's National Energy Board (NEB) and with the U.S. Department of Energy seeking authorization to export LNG produced from natural gas originating in either Canada or the U.S.
In August 2015, Canada's National Energy Board (NEB) granted Bear Head LNG Corporation and Bear Head LNG (USA), LLC (collectively, Bear Head LNG) authorization to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) from Bear Head LNG's project site on the Strait of Canso in Nova Scotia. The NEB licensing decision approved Bear Head LNG's application for authority to export up to 8 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) of LNG from Canada starting in 2019 with expanded authority to increase production to 12 mtpa in 2024. The export licence extends for a period of 25 years from the date of first LNG export.
On May 19, 2015, the Nova Scotia Department of Environment (NSE) issued approval of an updated provincial Environmental Assessment for the proposed Bear Head export project. That approval was the last of the 10 initial federal, provincial and local regulatory approvals needed to construct the facility. They are:
- Environmental Assessment Approval (NSE)
- Permit to Construct (Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board)
- Navigable Waters Protection Act Authorizations (Federal Government)
- Transport Canada CEAA Screening (Federal Government)
- Fisheries and Oceans Canada CEAA Screening (Federal Government)
- Authorization for Works or Undertakings Affecting Fish Habitat (Federal Government)
- Environment Act Water Approval – Wetland Infill (Government of Nova Scotia)
- Breaking Soil of Highways Permit (Government of Nova Scotia)
- Development Permit (Municipality of Richmond County)
- Beaches Act Clearance (Government of Nova Scotia)
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has granted Bear Head authorization to export up to 440 billion cubic feet per year of U.S. natural gas to Canada, and up to 8 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) of LNG from Canada to countries with which the U.S. has a free trade agreement (FTA). Further, the DOE has granted Bear Head LNG authority to export LNG derived from U.S. produced natural gas to all countries with which trade is not prohibited by U.S. law or policy (Non-FTA). In tandem with the non‐FTA export permit, DOE determined that Bear Head LNG does not require DOE’s authorization for Canadian natural gas to pass through U.S. pipelines (in transit) on its way to the export facility in Nova Scotia.
Click here to view the Bear Head LNG TERMPOL Report.